5000 FREE SAT Test Prep Words - 5000 Vocabulary Words FREE | Part 4

by Sarah Cage

From 3,001 to 4,000 of the full 5,000 words, with brief definitions, are free for individual and classroom use. A small-print, PDF version (Free) is good for printing.

Alphabetical list shows definitions, differences (aggravate, aggregate) and similarities (bibliography, bibliophile) at-a-glance for easy review.

These words are targeted for SAT test prep, but other tests, such as the GRE and GMAT, use the same collegiate words. GRE words and GMAT vocabulary are just hard SAT words; SAT prep will help you on graduate school entrance tests. The SAT vocabulary and SAT math advice also applies to GRE vocabulary and GRE math, but the difficulty is different. 

Credit to author Steve Baba, Ph.D. for the composition of this prep. You may want to check out how to study SAT vocabulary first.

Many vocabulary words, such asdegrade, are repeated in definitions fordouble learning

LegendParts of Speech

Part 4 : From 3,001 to 4,000 FREE SAT Test Prep Words

misogamyn.Hatred of marriage.
misogynyn.Hatred of women.
misplacev.To put into a wrong place.
misrepresentv.To give a wrong impression.
misrulev.To misgovern.
missaln.The book containing the service for the celebration of mass.
missilen.Any object, especially a weapon, thrown or intended to be thrown.
missiven.A message in writing.
mistrustv.To regard with suspicion or jealousy.
mistyadj.Lacking clearness
misunderstandv.To Take in a wrong sense.
misusev.To maltreat.
miten.A very small amount, portion, or particle.
mitern.The junction of two bodies at an equally divided angle.
mitigatev.To make milder or more endurable.
mnemonicsn.A system of principles and formulas designed to assist the recollection in certain instances.
moatn.A ditch on the outside of a fortress wall.
mobocracyn.Lawless control of public affairs by the mob or populace.
moccasinn.A foot-covering made of soft leather or buckskin.
moderatorn.The presiding officer of a meeting.
modernityn.The state or character of being modern.
modernizev.To make characteristic of the present or of recent times.
modificationn.A change.
modifyv.To make somewhat different.
modulatev.To vary in tone, inflection, pitch or other quality of sound.
mollifyv.To soothe.
moltv.To cast off, as hair, feathers, etc.
momentaryadj.Lasting but a short time.
momentousadj.Very significant.
momentumn.An impetus.
monarchyn.Government by a single, sovereign ruler.
monasteryn.A dwelling-place occupied in common by persons under religious vows of seclusion.
mongreln.The progeny resulting from the crossing of different breeds or varieties.
monitionn.Friendly counsel given by way of warning and implying caution or reproof.
monitoryn.Admonition or warning.
monocracyn.Government by a single person.
monogamyn.The habit of pairing, or having but one mate.
monogramn.A character consisting of two or more letters interwoven into one, usually initials of a name.
monographn.A treatise discussing a single subject or branch of a subject.
monolithn.Any structure or sculpture in stone formed of a single piece.
monologuen.A story or drama told or performed by one person.
monomanian.The unreasonable pursuit of one idea.
monopolyn.The control of a thing, as a commodity, to enable a person to raise its price.
monosyllablen.A word of one syllable.
monotonen.The sameness or monotony of utterance.
monotonousadj.Unchanging and tedious.
monotonyn.A lack of variety.
monsieurn.A French title of respect, equivalent to Mr. and sir.
monstrosityn.Anything unnaturally huge or distorted.
moonbeamn.A ray of moonlight.
moralen.A state of mind with reference to confidence, courage, zeal, and the like.
moralistn.A writer on ethics.
moralizev.To render virtuous.
moratoriumn.An emergency legislation authorizing a government suspend some action temporarily.
morbidadj.Caused by or denoting a diseased or unsound condition of body or mind.
mordaciousadj.Biting or giving to biting.
moribundadj.On the point of dying.
morphologyn.the science of organic forms.
motleyadj.Composed of heterogeneous or inharmonious elements.
motton.An expressive word or pithy sentence enunciating some guiding rule of life, or faith.
mountaineern.One who travels among or climbs mountains for pleasure or exercise.
mountainousadj.Full of or abounding in mountains.
mouthfuln.As much as can be or is usually put into the or exercise.
muddlev.To confuse or becloud, especially with or as with drink.
mufflev.To deaden the sound of, as by wraps.
mulatton.The offspring of a white person and a black person.
muleteern.A mule-driver.
multiformadj.Having many shapes, or appearances.
multiplicityn.the condition of being manifold or very various.
mundaneadj.Worldly, as opposed to spiritual or celestial.
municipaladj.Of or pertaining to a town or city, or to its corporate or local government.
municipalityn.A district enjoying municipal government.
munificencen.A giving characterized by generous motives and extraordinary liberality.
munificentadj.Extraordinarily generous.
mustern.An assemblage or review of troops for parade or inspection, or for numbering off.
mutationn.The act or process of change.
mutilatev.To disfigure.
mutinyn.Rebellion against lawful or constituted authority.
myriadn.A vast indefinite number.
mysticn.One who professes direct divine illumination, or relies upon meditation to acquire truth.
mystificationn.The act of artfully perplexing.
mythn.A fictitious narrative presented as historical, but without any basis of fact.
mythologyn.The whole body of legends cherished by a race concerning gods and heroes.
namelessadj.Having no fame or reputation.
naphthan.A light, colorless, volatile, inflammable oil used as a solvent, as in manufacture of paints.
Narcissusn.The son of the Athenian river-god Cephisus, fabled to have fallen in love with his reflection.
narratev.To tell a story.
narrationn.The act of recounting the particulars of an event in the order of time or occurrence.
narrativen.An orderly continuous account of the successive particulars of an event.
narratorn.One who narrates anything.
narrow-mindedadj.Characterized by illiberal views or sentiments.
nasaladj.Pertaining to the nose.
nataladj.Pertaining to one's birth.
nationalityn.A connection with a particular nation.
naturallyadv.According to the usual order of things.
nausean.An affection of the stomach producing dizziness and usually an impulse to vomit
nauseatev.To cause to loathe.
nauticaladj.Pertaining to ships, seamen, or navigation.
navaladj.Pertaining to ships.
naveln.The depression on the abdomen where the umbilical cord of the fetus was attached.
navigableadj.Capable of commercial navigation.
navigatev.To traverse by ship.
nebulan.A gaseous body of unorganized stellar substance.
necessaryadj.Indispensably requisite or absolutely needed to accomplish a desired result.
necessitatev.To render indispensable.
necessityn.That which is indispensably requisite to an end desired.
necrologyn.A list of persons who have died in a certain place or time.
necromancern.One who practices the art of foretelling the future by means of communication with the dead.
necropolisn.A city of the dead.
necrosisn.the death of part of the body.
nectarn.Any especially sweet and delicious drink.
nectarinen.A variety of the peach.
needyadj.Being in need, want, or poverty.
nefariousadj.Wicked in the extreme.
negatev.To deny.
negationn.The act of denying or of asserting the falsity of a proposition.
neglectfuladj.Exhibiting or indicating omission.
negligeen.A loose gown worn by women.
negligencen.Omission of that which ought to be done.
negligentadj.Apt to omit what ought to be done.
negligibleadj.Transferable by assignment, endorsement, or delivery.
negotiablev.To bargain with others for an agreement, as for a treaty or transfer of property.
Nemesisn.A goddess; divinity of chastisement and vengeance.
neocracyn.Government administered by new or untried persons.
neo-Darwinsimn.Darwinism as modified and extended by more recent students.
neo-Latinn.Modernized Latin.
neopaganismn.A new or revived paganism.
Neolithicadj.Pertaining to the later stone age.
neologyn.The coining or using of new words or new meanings of words.
neophyteadj.Having the character of a beginner.
nestlev.To adjust cozily in snug quarters.
nestlingadj.Recently hatched.
nettlev.To excite sensations of uneasiness or displeasure in.
networkn.Anything that presents a system of cross- lines.
neuraladj.Pertaining to the nerves or nervous system.
neurologyn.The science of the nervous system.
neuteradj.Neither masculine nor feminine.
neutraladj.Belonging to or under control of neither of two contestants.
nevertheless conj. Notwithstanding.
Newtonianadj.Of or pertaining to Sir Isaac Newton, the English philosopher.
niggardlyadj.Stingy. (no longer acceptable to use)
nihilistn.An advocate of the doctrine that nothing either exists or can be known.
nimbleadj.Light and quick in motion or action.
nitn.The egg of a louse or some other insect.
nocturnaladj.Of or pertaining to the night.
noisomeadj.Very offensive, particularly to the sense of smell.
nomadadj.Having no fixed abode.
nomicadj.Usual or customary.
nominatev.To designate as a candidate for any office.
nominationn.The act or ceremony of naming a man or woman for office.
nomineen.One who receives a nomination.
non-existentn.That which does not exist.
non-residentadj.Not residing within a given jurisdiction.
nonchalancen.A state of mind indicating lack of interest.
non-combatantn.One attached to the army or navy, but having duties other than that of fighting.
nonentityn.A person or thing of little or no account.
nonpareiln.One who or that which is of unequaled excellence.
normn.A model.
normalcyn.The state of being normal.
Normanadj.Of or peculiar to Normandy, in northern France.
nostrumn.Any scheme or recipe of a charlatan character.
notoriousadj.Unfavorably known to the general public.
novelletten.A short novel.
novicen.A beginner in any business or occupation.
nowadaysadv.In the present time or age.
nowhereadv.In no place or state.
nuancen.A slight degree of difference in anything perceptible to the sense of the mind.
nucleusn.A central point or part about which matter is aggregated.
nugatoryadj.Having no power or force.
nuisancen.That which annoys, vexes, or irritates.
numerationn.The act or art of reading or naming numbers.
numericaladj.Of or pertaining to number.
nunneryn.A convent for nuns.
nuptialadj.Of or pertaining to marriage, especially to the marriage ceremony.
nurturen.The process of fostering or promoting growth.
nutrimentn.That which nourishes.
nutritiveadj.Having nutritious properties.
oakenadj.Made of or from oak.
oakumn.Hemp-fiber obtained by untwisting and picking out loosely the yarns of old hemp rope.
obdurateadj.Impassive to feelings of humanity or pity.
obeliskn.A square shaft with pyramidal top, usually monumental or commemorative.
obeseadj.Exceedingly fat.
obesityn.Excessive fatness.
obituaryadj.A published notice of a death.
objectiveadj.Grasping and representing facts as they are.
objectorn.One who objects, as to a proposition, measure, or ruling.
obligatev.To hold to the fulfillment of duty.
obligatoryadj.Binding in law or conscience.
obliqueadj.Slanting; said of lines.
obliteratev.To cause to disappear.
oblivionn.The state of having passed out of the memory or of being utterly forgotten.
oblongadj.Longer than broad: applied most commonly to rectangular objects considerably elongated
obsequiesn.Funeral rites.
obsequiousadj.Showing a servile readiness to fall in with the wishes or will of another.
observancen.A traditional form or customary act.
observantadj.Quick to notice.
observatoryn.A building designed for systematic astronomical observations.
obsolescencen.The condition or process of gradually falling into disuse.
obsolescentadj.Passing out of use, as a word.
obsoleteadj.No longer practiced or accepted.
obstetriciann.A practitioner of midwifery.
obstetricsn.The branch of medical science concerned with the treatment and care of women during pregnancy.
obstinacyn.Stubborn adherence to opinion, arising from conceit or the desire to have one's own way.
obstructv.To fill with impediments so as to prevent passage, either wholly or in part.
obtrudev.To be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence.
obtrusiveadj.Tending to be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence.
obvertv.To turn the front or principal side of (a thing) toward any person or object.
obviatev.To clear away or provide for, as an objection or difficulty.
occasionn.An important event or celebration.
Occidentn.The countries lying west of Asia and the Turkish dominions.
occludev.To absorb, as a gas by a metal.
occultadj.Existing but not immediately perceptible.
occupantn.A tenant in possession of property, as distinguished from the actual owner.
occurrencen.A happening.
octagonn.A figure with eight sides and eight angles.
octaven.A note at this interval above or below any other, considered in relation to that other.
octavon.A book, or collection of paper in which the sheets are so folded as to make eight leaves.
octogenarianadj.A person of between eighty and ninety years.
ocularadj.Of or pertaining to the eye.
oculistn.One versed or skilled in treating diseases of the eye.
oddityn.An eccentricity.
oden.The form of lyric poetry anciently intended to be sung.
odiumn.A feeling of extreme repugnance, or of dislike and disgust.
odoriferousadj.Having or diffusing an odor or scent, especially an agreeable one.
odorousadj.Having an odor, especially a fragrant one.
offadj.Farther or more distant.
offhandadv.Without preparation.
officiatev.To act as an officer or leader.
officiousadj.Intermeddling with what is not one's concern.
offshootn.Something that branches off from the parent stock.
ogren.A demon or monster that was supposed to devour human beings.
ointmentn.A fatty preparation with a butter-like consistency in which a medicinal substance exists.
olfactoryadj.of or pertaining to the sense of smell.
olive-branchn.A branch of the olive-tree, as an emblem of peace.
omnipotencen.Unlimited and universal power.
Omnipotentadj.Possessed of unlimited and universal power.
omnisciencen.Unlimited or infinite knowledge.
omniscientadj.Characterized by unlimited or infinite knowledge.
omnivorousadj.Eating or living upon food of all kinds indiscriminately.
onerousadj.Burdensome or oppressive.
onsetn.An assault, especially of troops, upon an enemy or fortification.
onslaughtn.A violent onset.
onusn.A burden or responsibility.
opalescencen.The property of combined refraction and reflection of light, resulting in smoky tints.
opaqueadj.Impervious to light.
operatev.To put in action and supervise the working of.
operatorn.One who works with or controls some machine or scientific apparatus.
operettan.A humorous play in dialogue and music, of more than one act.
opinionn.A conclusion or judgment held with confidence, but falling short of positive knowledge.
opponentn.One who supports the opposite side in a debate, discussion, struggle, or sport.
opportuneadj.Especially fit as occurring, said, or done at the right moment.
opportunistn.One who takes advantage of circumstances to gain his ends.
opportunityn.Favorable or advantageous chance or opening.
oppositeadj.Radically different or contrary in action or movement.
opprobriumn.The state of being scornfully reproached or accused of evil.
opticn.Pertaining to the eye or vision.
opticiann.One who makes or deals in optical instruments or eye-glasses.
opticsn.The science that treats of light and vision, and all that is connected with sight.
optimismn.The view that everything in nature and the history of mankind is ordered for the best.
optionn.The right, power, or liberty of choosing.
optometryn.Measurement of the powers of vision.
oraladj.Uttered through the mouth.
oratev.To deliver an elaborate or formal public speech.
orationn.An elaborate or formal public speech.
oratorn.One who delivers an elaborate or formal speech.
oratorion.A composition for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra, generally taken from the Scriptures.
oratoryn.The art of public speaking.
ordealn.Anything that severely tests courage, strength, patience, conscience, etc.
ordinaln.That form of the numeral that shows the order of anything in a series, as first, second, third.
ordinationn.A consecration to the ministry.
ordnancen.A general name for all kinds of weapons and their appliances used in war.
orgiesn.Wild or wanton revelry.
originn.The beginning of that which becomes or is made to be.
originaladj.Not copied nor produced by imitation.
originatev.To cause or constitute the beginning or first stage of the existence of.
ornateadj.Ornamented to a marked degree.
orthodoxadj.Holding the commonly accepted faith.
orthodoxyn.Acceptance of the common faith.
orthogonaladj.Having or determined by right angles.
orthopedicadj.Relating to the correcting or preventing of deformity
orthopedistn.One who practices the correcting or preventing of deformity
oscillatev.To swing back and forth.
osculatev.To kiss.
ossifyv.to convert into bone.
ostentationn.A display dictated by vanity and intended to invite applause or flattery.
ostracismn.Exclusion from intercourse or favor, as in society or politics.
ostracizev.To exclude from public or private favor.
oughtv.To be under moral obligation to be or do.
oustv.To eject.
outbreakn.A sudden and violent breaking forth, as of something that has been pent up or restrained.
outburstn.A violent issue, especially of passion in an individual.
outcastn.One rejected and despised, especially socially.
outcryn.A vehement or loud cry or clamor.
outdov.To surpass.
outlandishadj.Of barbarous, uncouth, and unfamiliar aspect or action.
outlastv.To last longer than.
outlawn.A habitual lawbreaker.
outlivev.To continue to exist after.
out-of-the-wayadj.Remotely situated.
outpostn.A detachment of troops stationed at a distance from the main body to guard against surprise.
outragen.A gross infringement of morality or decency.
outrageousadj.Shocking in conduct.
outreachv.To reach or go beyond.
outridev.To ride faster than.
outriggern.A part built or arranged to project beyond a natural outline for support.
outskirtn.A border region.
outstretchv.To extend.
outstripv.To go beyond.
outweighv.To surpass in importance or excellence.
overdov.To overtax the strength of.
overdosen.An excessive dose, usually so large a dose of a medicine that its effect is toxic.
overeatv.To eat to excess.
overhangn.A portion of a structure which projects or hangs over.
overleapv.To leap beyond.
overlordn.One who holds supremacy over another.
overpassv.To pass across or over, as a river.
overpayv.To pay or reward in excess.
overpowerv.To gain supremacy or victory over by superior power.
overproductionn.Excessive production.
overreachv.To stretch out too far.
overrunv.To infest or ravage.
overseev.To superintend.
overseern.A supervisor.
overshadowv.To cast into the shade or render insignificant by comparison.
overstridev.To step beyond.
overthrowv.To vanquish an established ruler or government.
overtonen.A harmonic.
overturen.An instrumental prelude to an opera, oratorio, or ballet.
pacifyv.To bring into a peaceful state.
packetn.A bundle, as of letters.
pactn.A covenant.
pagann.A worshiper of false gods.
pageantn.A dramatic representation, especially a spectacular one.
palaten.The roof of the mouth.
paleontologyn.The branch of biology that treats of ancient life and fossil organisms.
paletten.A thin tablet, with a hole for the thumb, upon which artists lay their colors for painting.
palinoden.A retraction.
pallv.To make dull by satiety.
palliatev.To cause to appear less guilty.
pallidadj.Of a pale or wan appearance.
palpablen.perceptible by feeling or touch.
palyadj.Lacking color or brilliancy.
pamphletn.A brief treatise or essay, usually on a subject of current interest.
pamphleteerv.To compose or issue pamphlets, especially controversial ones.
panacean.A remedy or medicine proposed for or professing to cure all diseases.
Pan-Americanadj.Including or pertaining to the whole of America, both North and South.
pandemicadj.Affecting a whole people or all classes, as a disease.
pandemoniumn.A fiendish or riotous uproar.
panegyricn.A formal and elaborate eulogy, written or spoken, of a person or of an act.
paneln.A rectangular piece set in or as in a frame.
panicn.A sudden, unreasonable, overpowering fear.
panoplyn.A full set of armor.
panoraman.A series of large pictures representing a continuous scene.
pantheismn.The worship of nature for itself or its beauty.
Pantheonn.A circular temple at Rome with a fine Corinthian portico and a great domed roof.
pantoscopen.A very wide-angled photographic lens.
papacyn.The official head of the Roman Catholic Church.
papyrusn.The writing-paper of the ancient Egyptians, and later of the Romans.
parablen.A brief narrative founded on real scenes or events usually with a moral.
paradoxn.A statement or doctrine seemingly in contradiction to the received belief.
paragonn.A model of excellence.
parallelv.To cause to correspond or lie in the same direction and equidistant in all parts.
parallelismn.Essential likeness.
paralysisn.Loss of the power of contractility in the voluntary or involuntary muscles.
paralyzev.To deprive of the power to act.
paramountadj.Supreme in authority.
paramourn.One who is unlawfully and immorally a lover or a mistress.
paraphernalian.Miscellaneous articles of equipment or adornment.
paraphrasev.Translate freely.
parev.To cut, shave, or remove (the outside) from anything.
parentagen.The relation of parent to child, of the producer to the produced, or of cause to effect.
Pariahn.A member of a degraded class; a social outcast.
parishn.The ecclesiastical district in charge of a pastor.
Parisianadj.Of or pertaining to the city of Paris.
parityn.Equality, as of condition or rank.
parlancen.Mode of speech.
parleyv.To converse in.
parliamentn.A legislative body.
parlorn.A room for reception of callers or entertainment of guests.
parodyv.To render ludicrous by imitating the language of.
paronymousadj.Derived from the same root or primitive word.
paroxysmn.A sudden outburst of any kind of activity.
parriciden.The murder of a parent.
parsev.To describe, as a sentence, by separating it into its elements and describing each word.
parsimoniousadj.Unduly sparing in the use or expenditure of money.
participantn.One having a share or part.
participatev.To receive or have a part or share of.
partitionn.That which separates anything into distinct parts.
partisanadj.Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party.
passibleadj.Capable of feeling of suffering.
pastoraladj.Having the spirit or sentiment of rural life.
pathosn.The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy.
patriarchn.The chief of a tribe or race who rules by paternal right.
patricianadj.Of senatorial or noble rank.
patrimonyn.An inheritance from an ancestor, especially from one's father.
patriotismn.Love and devotion to one's country.
patronizev.To exercise an arrogant condescension toward.
patronymicadj.Formed after one's father's name.
patterv.To mumble something over and over.
paupern.One without means of support.
pauperismn.Dependence on charity.
pavilionn.An open structure for temporary shelter.
payeen.A person to whom money has been or is to be paid.
peccableadj.Capable of sinning.
peccadillon.A small breach of propriety or principle.
pectoraladj.Pertaining to the breast or thorax.
pecuniaryadj.Consisting of money.
pedagogicsn.The science and art of teaching.
pedagoguen.A schoolmaster.
pedagogyn.The science and art of teaching
pedaln.A lever for the foot usually applied only to musical instruments, cycles, and other machines.
pedantn.A scholar who makes needless and inopportune display of his learning.
peddlev.To go about with a small stock of goods to sell.
pedestaln.A base or support as for a column, statue, or vase.
pedestriann.One who journeys on foot.
pediatricsn.The department of medical science that relates to the treatment of diseases of childhood.
pedigreen.One's line of ancestors.
peddlern.One who travels from house to house with an assortment of goods for retail.
peeragen.The nobility.
peerlessadj.Of unequaled excellence or worth.
peevishadj.Petulant. (irritable)
penaltyn.The consequences that follow the transgression of natural or divine law.
penancen.Punishment to which one voluntarily submits or subjects himself as an expression of penitence.
penchantn.A bias in favor of something.
pendantn.Anything that hangs from something else, either for ornament or for use.
pendulousadj.Hanging, especially so as to swing by an attached end or part.
pendulumn.A weight hung on a rod, serving by its oscillation to regulate the rate of a clock.
penetrableadj.That may be pierced by physical, moral, or intellectual force.
penetratev.To enter or force a way into the interior parts of.
peninsularadj.Pertaining to a piece of land almost surrounded by water.
penitencen.Sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone.
penitentialadj.Pertaining to sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone.
pennantn.A small flag.
pensionn.A periodical allowance to an individual on account of past service done by him/her.
pentagramn.A figure having five points or lobes.
pentadn.The number five.
pentagonn.A figure, especially, with five angles and five sides.
pentahedronn.A solid bounded by five plane faces.
pentametern.In prosody, a line of verse containing five units or feet.
pentathlonn.The contest of five associated exercises in the great games and the same contestants.
penultimateadj.A syllable or member of a series that is last but one.
penuriousadj.Excessively sparing in the use of money.
perambulatev.To walk about.
perceivev.To have knowledge of, or receive impressions concerning, through the medium of the body senses.
perceptionn.Knowledge through the senses of the existence and properties of matter or the external world.
percipiencen.The act of perceiving.
percipientn.One who or that which perceives.
percolatev.To filter.
percolatorn.A filter.
percussionn.The sharp striking of one body against another.
peremptoryadj.Precluding question or appeal.
perennialadj.Continuing though the year or through many years.
perfectibleadj.Capable of being made perfect.
perforatev.To make a hole or holes through.
performv.To accomplish.
perfumeryn.The preparation of perfumes.
perigeen.The point in the orbit of the moon when it is nearest the earth.
periodicityn.The habit or characteristic of recurrence at regular intervals.
peripateticadj.Walking about.
perjurev.To swear falsely to.
perjuryn.A solemn assertion of a falsity.
permanencen.A continuance in the same state, or without any change that destroys the essential form or nature.
permeatev.To pervade.
permissibleadj.That may be allowed.
permutationn.Reciprocal change, different ordering of same items.
perniciousadj.Tending to kill or hurt.
perpendicularadj.Straight up and down.
perpetratorn.The doer of a wrong or a criminal act.
perpetuatev.To preserve from extinction or oblivion.
perquisiten.Any profit from service beyond the amount fixed as salary or wages.
persecutionn.Harsh or malignant oppression.
perseverancen.A persistence in purpose and effort.
perseverev.To continue striving in spite of discouragements.
persistv.To continue steadfast against opposition.
persistencen.A fixed adherence to a resolve, course of conduct, or the like.
personagen.A man or woman as an individual, especially one of rank or high station.
personaladj.Not general or public.
personalityn.The attributes, taken collectively, that make up the character and nature of an individual.
personneln.The force of persons collectively employed in some service.
perspectiven.The relative importance of facts or matters from any special point of view.
perspicacityn.Acuteness or discernment.
perspirev.To excrete through the pores of the skin.
persuadev.To win the mind of by argument, eloquence, evidence, or reflection.
persuadableadj.capable of influencing to action by entreaty, statement, or anything that moves the feelings.
pertinaciousadj.Persistent or unyielding.
pertinacityn.Unyielding adherence.
perturbv.To disturb greatly.
perturbationn.Mental excitement or confusion.
perusaln.The act of reading carefully or thoughtfully.
pervadev.To pass or spread through every part.
pervasionn.The state of spreading through every part.
pervasiveadj.Thoroughly penetrating or permeating.
perversionn.Diversion from the true meaning or proper purpose.
pervertn.One who has forsaken a doctrine regarded as true for one esteemed false.
perviousadj.Admitting the entrance or passage of another substance.
pestilencen.A raging epidemic.
pestilentadj.Having a malign influence or effect.
pestilentialadj.having the nature of or breeding pestilence.
peterv.To fail or lose power, efficiency, or value.
petrifyv.To convert into a substance of stony hardness and character.
petulancen.The character or condition of being impatient, capricious or petulant.
petulantadj.Displaying impatience.
pharmacopoeian.A book containing the formulas and methods of preparation of medicines for the use of druggists.
pharmacyn.The art or business of compounding and dispensing medicines.
phenomenaladj.Extraordinary or marvelous.
phenomenonn.Any unusual occurrence.
philanderv.To play at courtship with a woman.
philanthropistn.One who endeavors to help his fellow men.
philanthropyn.Active humanitarianism.
philatelyn.The study and collection of stamps.
philharmonicadj.Fond of music.
philogynistn.One who is fond of women.
philologistn.An expert in linguistics.
philologyn.The study of language in connection with history and literature.
philosophizev.To seek ultimate causes and principles.
philosophyn.The general principles, laws, or causes that furnish the rational explanation of anything.
phlegmaticadj.Not easily roused to feeling or action.
phoneticadj.Representing articulate sounds or speech.
phonicadj.Pertaining to the nature of sound.
phonogramn.A graphic character symbolizing an articulate sound.
phonologyn.The science of human vocal sounds.
phosphorescencen.The property of emitting light.
photoelectricadj.Pertaining to the combined action of light and electricity.
photometern.Any instrument for measuring the intensity of light or comparing the intensity of two lights.
photometryn.The art of measuring the intensity of light.
physicistn.A specialist in the science that treats of the phenomena associated with matter and energy.
physicsn.The science that treats of the phenomena associated with matter and energy.
physiocracyn.The doctrine that land and its products are the only true wealth.
physiognomyn.The external appearance merely.
physiographyn.Description of nature.
physiologyn.The science of organic functions.
physiquen.The physical structure or organization of a person.
picayuneadj.Of small value.
piccolon.A small flute.
piecen.A loose or separated part, as distinguished from the whole or the mass.
pillagen.Open robbery, as in war.
pilloryn.A wooden framework in which an offender is fastened to boards and is exposed to public scorn.
pincersn.An instrument having two lever-handles and two jaws working on a pivot.
pinchersn.An instrument having two jaws working on a pivot.
pinnaclen.A high or topmost point, as a mountain-peak.
pioneern.One among the first to explore a country.
piquev.To excite a slight degree of anger in.
pittancen.Any small portion or meager allowance.
placatev.To bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or friendliness.
plagiarismn.The stealing of passages from the writings of another and publishing them as one's own.
planispheren.A polar projection of the heavens on a chart.
plasticityn.The property of some substances through which the form of the mass can readily be changed.
platituden.A written or spoken statement that is flat, dull, or commonplace.
plauditn.An expression of applause.
plausibleadj.Seeming likely to be true, though open to doubt.
playwrightn.A maker of plays for the stage.
plean.An argument to obtain some desired action.
pleasurableadj.Affording gratification.
pledgeen.The person to whom anything is pledged.
pledgeorn.One who gives a pledge.
plenipotentiaryn.A person fully empowered to transact any business.
plumbn.A weight suspended by a line to test the verticality of something.
plummetn.A piece of lead for making soundings, adjusting walls to the vertical.
pluperfectadj.Expressing past time or action prior to some other past time or action.
pluraladj.Containing or consisting of more than one.
pluralityn.A majority.
plutocracyn.A wealthy class in a political community who control the government by means of their money.
pneumaticadj.Pertaining to or consisting of air or gas.
poetastern.An inferior poet.
poeticadj.Pertaining to poetry.
poeticsn.The rules and principles of poetry.
poignancyn.Severity or acuteness, especially of pain or grief.
poignantadj.Severely painful or acute to the spirit.
polaradj.Pertaining to the poles of a sphere, especially of the earth.
polemicsn.The art of controversy or disputation.
pollenn.The fine dust-like grains or powder formed within the anther of a flowering plant.
pollutev.To contaminate.
polyarchyn.Government by several or many persons of what- ever class.
polycracyn.The rule of many.
polygamyn.the fact or condition of having more than one wife or husband at once.
polyglotadj.Speaking several tongues.
polygonn.A figure having many angles.
polyhedronn.A solid bounded by plane faces, especially by more than four.
polysyllableadj.Having several syllables, especially more than three syllables.
polytechnicadj.Pertaining to, embracing, or practicing many arts.
polytheismn.The doctrine or belief that there are more gods than one.
pommelv.To beat with something thick or bulky.
pomposityn.The quality of being marked by an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of manner.
pompousadj.Marked by an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of manner.
ponderv.To meditate or reflect upon.
ponderousadj.Unusually weighty or forcible.
pontiffn.The Pope.
populacen.The common people.
populousadj.Containing many inhabitants, especially in proportion to the territory.
portendv.To indicate as being about to happen, especially by previous signs.
portentn.Anything that indicates what is to happen.
portfolion.A portable case for holding writing-materials, drawings, etc.
positv.To present in an orderly manner.
positionn.The manner in which a thing is placed.
positiveadj.Free from doubt or hesitation.
possen.A force of men.
possessv.To own.
possessionn.The having, holding, or detention of property in one's power or command.
possessiveadj.Pertaining to the having, holding, or detention of property in one's power or command.
possessorn.One who owns, enjoys, or controls anything, as property.
possibleadj.Being not beyond the reach of power natural, moral, or supernatural.
postdatev.To make the date of any writing later than the real date.
posteriorn.The hinder part.
postgraduateadj.Pertaining to studies that are pursued after receiving a degree.
postscriptn.Something added to a letter after the writer's signature.
potentadj.Physically powerful.
potentaten.One possessed of great power or sway.
potentialn.Anything that may be possible.
potionn.A dose of liquid medicine.
pratev.To talk about vainly or foolishly.
prattlev.To utter in simple or childish talk.
preamblen.A statement introductory to and explanatory of what follows.
precautionn.A provision made in advance for some possible emergency or danger.
precedev.To happen first.
precedencen.Priority in place, time, or rank.
precedentn.An instance that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule.
precedentialadj.Of the nature of an instance that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule.
precessionn.The act of going forward.
precipicen.A high and very steep or approximately vertical cliff.
precipitantadj.Moving onward quickly and heedlessly.
precipitatev.To force forward prematurely.
precisionn.Accuracy of limitation, definition, or adjustment.
precludev.To prevent.
precociousadj.Having the mental faculties prematurely developed.
precursorn.A forerunner or herald.
predatoryadj.Prone to pillaging.
predecessorn.An incumbent of a given office previous to another.
predicamentn.A difficult, trying situation or plight.
predicatev.To state as belonging to something.
predictv.To foretell.
predictionn.A prophecy.
predominancen.Ascendancy or preponderance.
predominantadj.Superior in power, influence, effectiveness, number, or degree.
predominatev.To be chief in importance, quantity, or degree.
preeminencen.Special eminence.
preemptv.To secure the right of preference in the purchase of public land.
preemptionn.The right or act of purchasing before others.
preengagev.To preoccupy.
preestablishv.To settle or arrange beforehand.
preexistv.To exist at a period or in a state earlier than something else.
preexistencen.Existence antecedent to something.
prefacen.A brief explanation or address to the reader, at the beginning of a book.
prefatoryadj.Pertaining to a brief explanation to the reader at the beginning of a book.
preferv.To hold in higher estimation.
preferableadj.More desirable than others.
preferencen.An object of favor or choice.
preferentialadj.Possessing, giving, or constituting preference or priority.
prefixv.To attach at the beginning.
prehensibleadj.Capable of being grasped.
prehensileadj.Adapted for grasping or holding.
prehensionn.The act of laying hold of or grasping.
prejudicen.A judgment or opinion formed without due examination of the facts.
prelacyn.A system of church government.
prelaten.One of a higher order of clergy having direct authority over other clergy.
preluden.An introductory or opening performance.
prematureadj.Coming too soon.
premieradj.First in rank or position.
premisen.A judgment as a conclusion.
preoccupationn.The state of having the mind, attention, or inclination preoccupied.
preoccupyv.To fill the mind of a person to the exclusion of other subjects.
preordainv.To foreordain.
preparationn.An act or proceeding designed to bring about some event.
preparatoryadj.Having to do with what is preliminary.
preponderatev.To exceed in influence or power.
prepossessionn.A preconceived liking.
preposterousadj.Utterly ridiculous or absurd.
prerogativeadj.Having superior rank or precedence.
presagev.To foretell.
presciencen.Knowledge of events before they take place.
prescriptadj.Prescribed as a rule or model.
prescriptibleadj.Derived from authoritative direction.
prescriptionn.An authoritative direction.
presentientadj.Perceiving or feeling beforehand.
presumptionn.That which may be logically assumed to be true until disproved.
presumptuousadj.Assuming too much.
pretensionn.A bold or presumptuous assertion.
pretentiousadj.Marked by pretense, conceit, or display.
pretextn.A fictitious reason or motive.
prevalentadj.Of wide extent or frequent occurrence.
prevaricatev.To use ambiguous or evasive language for the purpose of deceiving or diverting attention.
pricklev.To puncture slightly with fine, sharp points.
primadj.Stiffly proper.
primern.An elementary reading-book for children.
primevaladj.Belonging to the first ages.
primitiveadj.Pertaining to the beginning or early times.
principaladj.Most important.
principalityn.The territory of a reigning prince.
principlen.A general truth or proposition.
prioryn.A monastic house.
privateern.A vessel owned and officered by private persons, but carrying on maritime war.
privilegen.A right or immunity not enjoyed by all, or that may be enjoyed only under special conditions.
privityn.Knowledge shared with another or others regarding a private matter.
privyadj.Participating with another or others in the knowledge of a secret transaction.
probateadj.Relating to making proof, as of a will.
probationn.Any proceeding designed to ascertain or test character, qualification, or the like.
probev.To search through and through.
probityn.Virtue or integrity tested and confirmed.
proceduren.A manner or method of acting.
proceedv.To renew motion or action, as after rest or interruption.
proclamationn.Any announcement made in a public manner.
procrastinatev.To put off till tomorrow or till a future time.
proctorn.An agent acting for another.
prodigaln.One wasteful or extravagant, especially in the use of money or property.
prodigyn.A person or thing of very remarkable gifts or qualities.
productiveadj.Yielding in abundance.
professionn.Any calling or occupation involving special mental or other special disciplines.
professorn.A public teacher of the highest grade in a university or college.
profferv.To offer to another for acceptance.
proficiencyn.An advanced state of acquirement, as in some knowledge, art, or science.
proficientadj.Possessing ample and ready knowledge or of skill in any art, science, or industry.
profilen.An outline or contour.
profiteern.One who profits.
profligacyn.Shameless viciousness.
profligateadj.Abandoned to vice.
profuseadj.Produced or displayed in overabundance.
progressionn.A moving forward or proceeding in course.
prohibitionn.A decree or an order forbidding something.
prohibitionistn.One who favors the prohibition by law of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
prohibitoryadj.Involving or equivalent to prohibition, especially of the sale of alcoholic beverages.
projectionn.A prominence.
proletariann.A person of the lowest or poorest class.
prolificadj.Producing offspring or fruit.
prologuen.A prefatory statement or explanation to a poem, discourse, or performance.
prolongv.To extend in time or duration.
promenadev.To walk for amusement or exercise.
prominencen.The quality of being noticeable or distinguished.
prominentadj.Conspicuous in position, character, or importance.
promiscuousadj.Brought together without order, distinction, or design (for sex).
promissoryadj.Expressing an engagement to pay.
promontoryn.A high point of land extending outward from the coastline into the sea.
promotern.A furtherer, forwarder, or encourager.
promulgatev.To proclaim.
propagandan.Any institution or systematic scheme for propagating a doctrine or system.
propagatev.To spread abroad or from person to person.
propelv.To drive or urge forward.
propellern.One who or that which propels.
prophecyn.Any prediction or foretelling.
prophesyv.To predict or foretell, especially under divine inspiration and guidance.
propitiousadj.Kindly disposed.
proportionateadj.Being in proportion.
proprietyn.Accordance with recognized usage, custom, or principles.
propulsionn.A driving onward or forward.
prosceniumn.That part of the stage between the curtain and the orchestra.
proscribev.To reject, as a teaching or a practice, with condemnation or denunciation.
proscriptionn.Any act of condemnation and rejection from favor and privilege.
proselyten.One who has been won over from one religious belief to another.
prosodyn.The science of poetical forms.
prospectorn.One who makes exploration, search, or examination, especially for minerals.
prospectusn.A paper or pamphlet containing information of a proposed undertaking.
prostrateadj.Lying prone, or with the head to the ground.
protagonistn.A leader in any enterprise or contest.
protectionn.Preservation from harm, danger, annoyance, or any other evil.
protectorn.A defender.
protegen.One specially cared for and favored by another usually older person.
Protestantn.A Christian who denies the authority of the Pope and holds the right of special judgment.
protomartyrn.The earliest victim in any cause.
protocoln.A declaration or memorandum of agreement less solemn and formal than a treaty.
protoplasmn.The substance that forms the principal portion of an animal or vegetable cell.
prototypen.A work, original in character, afterward imitated in form or spirit.
protractv.To prolong.
protrudev.To push out or thrust forth.
protrusionn.The act of protruding.
protuberancen.Something that swells out from a surrounding surface.
protuberatev.To swell or bulge beyond the surrounding surface.
proverbn.A brief, pithy saying, condensing in witty or striking form the wisdom of experience.
providentadj.Anticipating and making ready for future wants or emergencies.
providentialadj.Effected by divine guidance.
provincialadj.Uncultured in thought and manner.
provison.A clause in a contract, will, etc., by which its operation is rendered conditional.
provocationn.An action or mode of conduct that excites resentment.
prowessn.Strength, skill, and intrepidity in battle.
proxyn.A person who is empowered by another to represent him or her in a given matter.
prudentialadj.Proceeding or marked by caution.
pruderyn.An undue display of modesty or delicacy.
prurientadj.Inclined to lascivious thoughts and desires.
pseudapostlen.A pretended or false apostle.
pseudonymn.A fictitious name, especially when assumed by a writer.
pseudonymityn.The state or character of using a fictitious name.
psychiatryn.The branch of medicine that relates to mental disease.
psychicadj.Pertaining to the mind or soul.
psychopathicadj.Morally irresponsible.
psychotherapyn.The treatment of mental disease.
pudgyadj.Small and fat.
puissantadj.Possessing strength.
pulmonaryadj.Pertaining to the lungs.
punctiliousadj.Strictly observant of the rules or forms prescribed by law or custom.
punctualadj.Observant and exact in points of time.
pungentadj.Affecting the sense of smell.
pungencyn.The quality of affecting the sense of smell.
punitiveadj.Pertaining to punishment.
pupilagen.The state or period of being a student.
purgatoryn.An intermediate state where souls are made fit for paradise or heaven by expiatory suffering.
purlv.To cause to whirl, as in an eddy.
purloinv.To steal.
purveyorn.one who supplies
pusillanimousadj.Without spirit or bravery.
putrescentadj.Undergoing decomposition of animal or vegetable matter accompanied by fetid odors.
pyren.A heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body.
pyromanian.An insane propensity to set things on fire.
pyrotechnicadj.Pertaining to fireworks or their manufacture.
pyxn.A vessel or casket, usually of precious metal, in which the host is preserved.
quadratev.To divide into quarters.
quadruplev.To multiply by four.
qualificationn.A requisite for an employment, position, right, or privilege.
qualifyv.To endow or furnish with requisite ability, character, knowledge, skill, or possessions.
qualmn.A fit of nausea.
quandaryn.A puzzling predicament.
quarantinen.The enforced isolation of any person or place infected with contagious disease.
quartern.One of four equal parts into which anything is or may be divided.
quarterlyadj.Occurring or made at intervals of three months.
quartetn.A composition for four voices or four instruments.
quarton.An eight-page newspaper of any size.
quayn.A wharf or artificial landing-place on the shore of a harbor or projecting into it.
querulousadj.Habitually complaining.
queryv.To make inquiry.
queuen.A file of persons waiting in order of their arrival, as for admittance.
quibblen.An utterly trivial distinction or objection.
quiescentadj.Being in a state of repose or inaction.
quietadj.Making no noise.
quietusn.A silencing, suppressing, or ending.
quintessencen.The most essential part of anything.
quintetn.Musical composition arranged for five voices or instruments.
Quixoticadj.Chivalrous or romantic to a ridiculous or extravagant degree.
rabidadj.Affected with rabies or hydrophobia.
racyadj.Exciting or exhilarating to the mind.
radiancen.Brilliant or sparkling luster.
radiatev.To extend in all directions, as from a source or focus.
radicaln.One who holds extreme views or advocates extreme measures.
radixn.That from or on which something is developed.
railleryn.Good-humored satire.
ramifyv.To divide or subdivide into branches or subdivisions.
rampantadj.Growing, climbing, or running without check or restraint.
rampartn.A bulwark or construction to oppose assault or hostile entry.
ranklev.To produce irritation or festering.
rapaciousadj.Disposed to seize by violence or by unlawful or greedy methods.
rapidadj.Having great speed.
rapinen.The act of seizing and carrying off property by superior force, as in war.
raptorialadj.Seizing and devouring living prey.
rationv.To provide with a fixed allowance or portion, especially of food.
rationalismn.The formation of opinions by relying upon reason alone, independently of authority.
ravagev.To lay waste by pillage, rapine, devouring, or other destructive methods.
ravenousadj.Furiously voracious or hungry.
ravinen.A deep gorge or hollow, especially one worn by a stream or flow of water.
reactionn.Tendency towards a former, or opposite state of things, as after reform, revolution, or inflation.
reactionaryadj.Pertaining to, of the nature of, causing, or favoring reaction.
readilyadv.Without objection or reluctance.
readjustv.To put in order after disarrangement.
readyadj.In a state of preparedness for any given purpose or occasion.
realismn.The principle and practice of depicting persons and scenes as they are believed really to exist.
rearrangev.To arrange again or in a different order.
reassurev.To give new confidence.
rebuffn.A peremptory or unexpected rejection of advances or approaches.
rebuildv.To build again or anew.
rebutv.To oppose by argument or a sufficient answer.
recantv.To withdraw formally one's belief (in something previously believed or maintained).
recapitulatev.To repeat again the principal points of.
recapturev.To capture again.
recedev.To move back or away.
receivableadj.Capable of being or fit to be received - often money.
receptiveadj.Having the capacity, quality, or ability of receiving, as truths or impressions.
recessiveadj.Having a tendency to go back.
recidivistn.A confirmed criminal.
reciprocaladj.Mutually interchangeable or convertible.
reciprocatev.To give and take mutually.
reciprocityn.Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed.
recitationn.The act of reciting or repeating, especially in public and from memory.
reckv.To have a care or thought for.
recklessadj.Foolishly headless of danger.
reclaimv.To demand or to obtain the return or restoration of.
reclinev.To cause to assume a leaning or recumbent attitude or position.
reclusen.One who lives in retirement or seclusion.
reclusoryn.A hermitage.
recognizancen.An acknowledgment entered into before a court with condition to do some particular act.
recognizev.To recall the identity of (a person or thing).
recoilv.To start back as in dismay, loathing, or dread.
recollectv.To recall the knowledge of.
reconcilableadj.Capable of being adjusted or harmonized.
reconnoiterv.To make a preliminary examination of for military, surveying, or geological purposes.
reconsiderv.To review with care, especially with a view to a reversal of previous action.
reconstructv.To rebuild.
recoursen.Resort to or application for help in exigency or trouble.
recoverv.To regain.
recreantn.A cowardly or faithless person.
recreatev.To refresh after labor.
recrudescencen.The state of becoming raw or sore again.
recrudescentadj.Becoming raw or sore again.

Next: Part 5 : from 4,001 to 5,000 FREE SAT Test Prep Words

Previous: Part 3 : from 4,001 to 5,000 FREE SAT Test Prep Words

About Sarah Cage

Sarah Cage is an accomplished education writer known for her insightful and engaging work in the field. With a passion for empowering students and teachers alike, she has made a significant impact through her thought-provoking articles and research papers.

Leave a Reply

Try the new FREE GiveAways Page

Something wrong ? Try refresh this page